Configuration file parser.

A setup file consists of sections, lead by a "[section]" header, and followed by "name: value" entries, with continuations and such in the style of RFC 822.

The option values can contain format strings which refer to other values in the same section, or values in a special [DEFAULT] section.

For example:

something: %(dir)s/whatever

would resolve the "%(dir)s" to the value of dir. All reference expansions are done late, on demand.

Intrinsic defaults can be specified by passing them into the ConfigParser constructor as a dictionary.


responsible for parsing a list of configuration files, and managing the parsed database.


__init__(defaults=None) create the parser and specify a dictionary of intrinsic defaults. The keys must be strings, the values must be appropriate for %()s string interpolation. Note that `__name__' is always an intrinsic default; its value is the section's name.

sections() return all the configuration section names, sans DEFAULT

has_section(section) return whether the given section exists

has_option(section, option) return whether the given option exists in the given section

options(section) return list of configuration options for the named section

read(filenames) read and parse the list of named configuration files, given by name. A single filename is also allowed. Non-existing files are ignored. Return list of successfully read files.

readfp(fp, filename=None) read and parse one configuration file, given as a file object. The filename defaults to; it is only used in error messages (if fp has no `name' attribute, the string `' is used).

get(section, option, raw=False, vars=None) return a string value for the named option. All % interpolations are expanded in the return values, based on the defaults passed into the constructor and the DEFAULT section. Additional substitutions may be provided using the `vars' argument, which must be a dictionary whose contents override any pre-existing defaults.

getint(section, options) like get(), but convert value to an integer

getfloat(section, options) like get(), but convert value to a float

getboolean(section, options) like get(), but convert value to a boolean (currently case insensitively defined as 0, false, no, off for False, and 1, true, yes, on for True). Returns False or True.

items(section, raw=False, vars=None) return a list of tuples with (name, value) for each option in the section.

remove_section(section) remove the given file section and all its options

remove_option(section, option) remove the given option from the given section

set(section, option, value) set the given option

write(fp) write the configuration state in .ini format